谢陈平,王振尧,魏伟,汪川.铝在红沿河核电厂地区的初期大气腐蚀表征[J].装备环境工程,2015,12(3):87-91,101. XIE Chen-ping,WANG Zhen-yao,WEI Wei,WANG Chuan.Characterization on Early Atmospheric Corrosion of Aluminium in Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant[J].Equipment Environmental Engineering,2015,12(3):87-91,101.
铝在红沿河核电厂地区的初期大气腐蚀表征
Characterization on Early Atmospheric Corrosion of Aluminium in Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant
投稿时间:2015-01-06  修订日期:2015-06-15
DOI:10.7643/issn.1672-9242.2015.03.016
中文关键词:  大气腐蚀    核电厂  SO2  Cl
英文关键词:atmospheric corrosion  aluminium  nuclear power plant  SO2  Cl
基金项目:
作者单位
谢陈平 深圳中广核工程设计有限公司 红沿河核电项目部,辽宁 大连 116319 
王振尧 中国科学院金属研究所,沈阳 110016 
魏伟 深圳中广核工程设计有限公司 红沿河核电项目部,辽宁 大连 116319 
汪川 中国科学院金属研究所,沈阳 110016 
AuthorInstitution
XIE Chen-ping Hongyanhe NPP Site, China Nuclear Power Design Co. Ltd., Dalian 116319, China 
WANG Zhen-yao Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China 
WEI Wei Hongyanhe NPP Site, China Nuclear Power Design Co. Ltd., Dalian 116319, China 
WANG Chuan Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究铝在辽宁红沿河核电厂地区的初期大气腐蚀行为。方法 按GB/T 6464—1997,将制备好的试样在红沿河核电厂进行大气暴露试验, 利用XRD, FTIR, SEM分析技术, 对试验6个月和10个月的试样进行腐蚀产物观察与分析。结果 铝在红沿河大气暴露腐蚀6个月和10个月样品表面均布满了点蚀坑、 腐蚀产物及沉积物, 腐蚀产物主要为Al2O3, AlOOH以及一些含氯和含硫的铝盐。腐蚀产物都较疏松, 上下表面均有龟裂纹, 相邻较近的点蚀坑已相互连接。随腐蚀时间延长, 点蚀坑变深变大, 朝地面点蚀坑深度已达上百微米。结论 铝在红沿河核电厂大气环境中腐蚀以点蚀为主要特征, 其腐蚀比普通大气环境中的严重, 朝地面的腐蚀比朝天面严重, 大气中氯离子及SO2参与铝的腐蚀过程并起促进作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the characterization of early corrosion products of aluminium exposed to the atmosphere in the Hongyanhe nuclear power plant. Methods The samples were prepared and exposed to the atmosphere in Hongyanhe nuclear power plant according to the GB/T6464—1997. The corrosion products on the samples tested at 6 months and 10 months were observed and analyzed by means of SEM, XRD and FTIR techniques. Results There were corrosion pits and corrosion products and aggradations on the surface of the samples exposed for 6 and 10 months. The corrosion products were mainly Al2O3, AlOOH and aluminium salts containing chlorine and sulphur. The products were loosened with cracks on the upper and lower surfaces and pits near to each other were connected. The corrosion pits became larger and deeper over testing time, and the depth on the earthward (downward) surface reached up to hundreds of microns. Conclusion Corrosion of aluminium in the atmosphere in the Hongheyan nuclear power plant was mainly characterized by corrosion pits which was severer than in the normal atmosphere and the corrosion on the earthward surface was severer than on the upward surface. The synergic effect of SO2 and Cl- played an important role in promoting corrosion process of aluminium.
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