张彭辉,赵建仓,丁康康,程文华.不同海域40Cr低合金钢腐蚀行为研究[J].装备环境工程,2021,18(11):114-120. ZHANG Peng-hui,ZHAO Jian-cang,DING Kang-kang,CHENG Wen-hua.Study of 40Cr Low Alloy Steel Corrosion Behaviour in Different Sea Area[J].Equipment Environmental Engineering,2021,18(11):114-120.
不同海域40Cr低合金钢腐蚀行为研究
Study of 40Cr Low Alloy Steel Corrosion Behaviour in Different Sea Area
投稿时间:2021-03-13  修订日期:2021-05-14
DOI:10.7643/issn.1672-9242.2021.11.016
中文关键词:  40Cr钢  海水  腐蚀中图分类号:TG172.5 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1672-9242(2021)11-0114-07
英文关键词:40Cr steel  seawater  corrosion
基金项目:
作者单位
张彭辉 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所 海洋腐蚀与防护重点实验室,山东 青岛 266101 
赵建仓 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所 海洋腐蚀与防护重点实验室,山东 青岛 266101 
丁康康 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所 海洋腐蚀与防护重点实验室,山东 青岛 266101 
程文华 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所 海洋腐蚀与防护重点实验室,山东 青岛 266101 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Peng-hui State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and Protection, Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute LSMRI, Qingdao 266101, China 
ZHAO Jian-cang State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and Protection, Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute LSMRI, Qingdao 266101, China 
DING Kang-kang State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and Protection, Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute LSMRI, Qingdao 266101, China 
CHENG Wen-hua State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and Protection, Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute LSMRI, Qingdao 266101, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究40Cr在海水环境中的自然腐蚀行为。方法 采用形貌分析、腐蚀质量损失分析、XRD分析等方法对40Cr在青岛、舟山、三亚海水全浸区的腐蚀行为进行研究。结果 40Cr在不同海域中的腐蚀均较为严重,青岛及三亚海域的试样表面被大量海生物附着,舟山海域的试样表面则以泥沙沉积为主。去掉腐蚀产物后试样的腐蚀形貌以坑蚀为主。在试验周期内,随着时间的延长,试样的腐蚀速率逐渐减小,在不同周期内均以三亚海域的为最高。在相同条件下与普通碳钢(Q235)相比,40Cr的腐蚀速率偏高。随着时间的延长,青岛、舟山试样点蚀深度逐渐增加,而三亚试样点蚀深度则先增加后减小,同周期下青岛海域试样的点蚀深度最小。不同海域及周期下40Cr的腐蚀产物以稳态α-FeOOH及Fe2O3为主。结论 40Cr在三个海域的腐蚀形貌均以坑蚀为主,试验周期内试样在三个海域的腐蚀速率随时间延长逐渐减小,同周期下三亚海域试样的腐蚀最为严重;40Cr中C含量较高,在相同条件下其腐蚀速率要高于普通碳钢;40Cr的腐蚀产物以稳态成分为主,是由于Cr元素含量较普通碳钢增加,加速了钢的腐蚀产物到热力学稳定状态的转化。
英文摘要:
      The paper aims to study natural corrosion behavior of 40Cr in seawater. The corrosion behavior of 40Cr steel at full-immersion zone in Qingdao, Zhoushan and Sanya sea area was studied by means of morphology, corrosion weight loss and XRD analysis. The results showed that 40Cr steel corroded seriously in different seawater. Samples were covered with huge amount of marine organism in Qingdao and Sanya sea area, and silt in Zhoushan sea area as while. Pitting was the main corrosion morphology after removing the corrosion products. During test period, corrosion rates decreased as time prolonged, and samples in Sanya sea area corroded fastest under the same test period. In contrast with Q235 under same test condition, corrosion rates of 40Cr were higher. Pitting depth increased as time prolonged in Qingdao and Zhoushan sea area, while increasing first then decreasing in Sanya sea area, and samples in Qingdao sea area got the most shallow pitting depth under the same test period. Corrosion products were composed of α-FeOOH and Fe2O3, which were in steady state, regardless of test sea area or period. Pitting corrosion is the mainly corrosion morphology in the three sea areas. During test period, the corrosion rate of the samples in the three sea areas gradually decreases as time prolonged, and the corrosion of the samples in Sanya sea area is the most serious under same test condition. The content of C in 40Cr steel is higher, and its corrosion rate is higher than that of ordinary carbon steel under the same conditions. The corrosion products of 40Cr steel are mainly steady-state components, probably because of chromium addition, which catalyzed corrosion products converting to thermodynamic steady state.
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