周俊炎,王竟成,赵方超,舒畅,黄伦.自然环境试验元数据体系研究[J].装备环境工程,2024,2021(4):156-164. ZHOU Junyan,WANG Jingcheng,ZHAO Fangchao,SHU Chang,HUANG Lun.Metadata System of Natural Environment Experiments[J].Equipment Environmental Engineering,2024,2021(4):156-164.
自然环境试验元数据体系研究
Metadata System of Natural Environment Experiments
投稿时间:2024-01-21  修订日期:2024-03-08
DOI:10.7643/issn.1672-9242.2024.04.019
中文关键词:  自然环境试验  元数据  元数据确认原则  元数据类别  元数据作用  元数据体系中图分类号:TP391 文献标志码:A 文章编号:1672-9242(2024)04-0156-09
英文关键词:natural environment experiment  metadata  principle of metadata confirmation  metadata category  role of metadata  metadata system
基金项目:
作者单位
周俊炎 西南技术工程研究所,重庆 400039;国防科技工业自然环境试验研究中心,重庆 400039 
王竟成 西南技术工程研究所,重庆 400039;国防科技工业自然环境试验研究中心,重庆 400039 
赵方超 西南技术工程研究所,重庆 400039;国防科技工业自然环境试验研究中心,重庆 400039;弹药贮存环境效应重点实验室,重庆 400039 
舒畅 西南技术工程研究所,重庆 400039;国防科技工业自然环境试验研究中心,重庆 400039 
黄伦 西南技术工程研究所,重庆 400039;国防科技工业自然环境试验研究中心,重庆 400039 
AuthorInstitution
ZHOU Junyan Southwest Institute of Technology and Engineering, Chongqing 400039, China ;Research Center for Natural Environment Test of National Defense Science and Technology Industry, Chongqing 400039, China 
WANG Jingcheng Southwest Institute of Technology and Engineering, Chongqing 400039, China ;Research Center for Natural Environment Test of National Defense Science and Technology Industry, Chongqing 400039, China 
ZHAO Fangchao Southwest Institute of Technology and Engineering, Chongqing 400039, China ;Research Center for Natural Environment Test of National Defense Science and Technology Industry, Chongqing 400039, China ;CSGC Key Laboratory of Ammunition Storage Environmental Effects, Chongqing 400039, China 
SHU Chang Southwest Institute of Technology and Engineering, Chongqing 400039, China ;Research Center for Natural Environment Test of National Defense Science and Technology Industry, Chongqing 400039, China 
HUANG Lun Southwest Institute of Technology and Engineering, Chongqing 400039, China ;Research Center for Natural Environment Test of National Defense Science and Technology Industry, Chongqing 400039, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 形成自然环境试验元数据体系,为数据资源提供完备的描述及合理的规则规范,为数据库设计开发、数据挖掘分析、数据共建共享等提供支持。方法 针对自然环境试验专业特点、数据类型以及应用需求,借鉴其他领域的元数据标准规范,梳理分析自然环境试验涉及的数据特征元素集合,划分自然环境试验元数据类别,评估元数据作用,形成自然环境试验元数据体系。结果 形成了覆盖数据集描述信息、要素参数信息、数据质量信息、维护信息、限制信息、数据集分发信息、元数据参考信息、数据应用成果信息共8个类别的自然环境试验元数据体系。结论 自然环境试验元数据具有资源描述、数据选择、信息检索、管理溯源、解释分析、储存入库等作用,为数据有效管理和共建共享提供了基础。本文提出的元数据体系为自然环境试验元数据标准提供了参考思路。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to form a metadata system that provides comprehensive description and reasonable rule specifications for dataset resources and support for database design and development, data mining and analysis, data co-construction and sharing, etc. Aiming at the professional characteristics, data types, and application needs of the natural environment experiment, metadata standards and specifications from other fields were drawn to sort out and analyze the collection of data feature elements involved in natural environment experiments, classify the metadata of natural environment experiments, evaluate the role of metadata, and finally form a metadata system for natural environment experiments. This natural environment experiment metadata system covered eight categories, including dataset description information, element parameter information, data quality information, maintenance information, restriction information, dataset distribution information, metadata reference information and data application achievement information. The metadata of natural environment experiments has functions such as resource description, data selection, information retrieval, management traceability, interpretation and analysis, and storage, which provides a foundation for effective data management and co-construction and sharing. The metadata system proposed provides a reference for the metadata standards of natural environment experiments.
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